Production Line Balancing

The scope of this study is to explore the understanding of Production-line Manufacturing and Balancing, Types of Line Balancing, Equipment Balancing and its Failure and Analysis. A production line is said to be in balance when every worker’s task takes the same amount of time. Line balancing is a manufacturing-engineering function in which whole collection of production-line tasks are divided into equal portions. Well-balanced lines avoid labour idealness and improve productivity.

Production Line Balancing

Line-balancing strategy is to make production lines flexible enough to absorb external and internal irregularities. There are two types of line balancing, which we have explained as –

  • Static Balance – Refers to long-term differences in capacity over a period of several hours or longer. Static imbalance results in underutilization of workstations, machines and people.
  • Dynamic Balance – Refers to short-term differences in capacity, like, over a period of minutes, hours at most. Dynamic imbalance arises from product mix changes and variations in work time unrelated to product mix.

Labour Balancing and Assignments

Strategy of production line stability is the tendency for labour assignments to be fixed. Labour feasibility is an important feature in the strategy of production line flexibility linked to individual skills and capabilities –

  • When one worker is having problem in performing his assigned task and experiencing delay due to technical problem(s), other worker(s) should move into help.
  • The management practice of deliberately pulling worker’s of the line when the line is running smoothly.
  • The movement of whole crews from one dedicated line to another as the model mix changes.
  • Group Technology – In which one worker can handle variety of tasks (automation) in a single work centre.

Equipment Balancing

While balancing equipment, attempt to ensure that each piece of equipment in the work cell has the same amount of work. Now days every manufacturer is attempting to maximize the utilization of all available equipments. Such high utilization is often counterproductive and may be the wrong goal because; high utilization is usually accompanied by high inventory.

Equipment Failure

An equipment failure is a major serious matter, with the potential to shut down a production line. To avoid such failures one should not overload the equipments, and workers should be trained to perform a daily machine checking (preventive maintenance) and following standard operating procedures. The advantage for Maintenance and Engineering Department does not lye in running late shifts, hence calculate the preventive maintenance time and schedule the activity.

Analysis

Analysis is generally performed by Competent Technical Staff. Begin the analysis with division of production-line work into small tasks, determination of task time standards, specification of required task sequencing and notation of constraints. If bottle neck task is in the way of good balance, the Competent Technical Staff should analyze the task to reduce the time it takes to perform.

Line Balancing Leadership

Workmen should lead the production line balancing effort, so that they can react quickly when line imbalances (static and dynamic) crop up as a result of changeover to make a different item or changes in the output rate.

Conclusion

Production-line balancing study tends to employ thought and ingenuity to change conditions. Production-line design and operation is more art than science. Labour flexibility is the key to effective resource management. The idea of worker’s checking and doing minor repair work on their own equipment possibly decreases the risk of equipment failure. Selecting an appropriate set of balancing mechanism is a part of work cell design and it must be linked with many other decisions for the system to function well.

0
shares

  • DURGA PRASAD

    Brilliant article. I think we need some more articles like these.

  • DURGA PRASAD

    Brilliant article. I think we need some more articles like these.

  • A.L.N. Sastry

    very interesting article. the authors if have discussed their approch to solve the problems they have come across with some data would definitely helped the reader in convincing manner. great effort. Congrats!

  • A.L.N. Sastry

    very interesting article. the authors if have discussed their approch to solve the problems they have come across with some data would definitely helped the reader in convincing manner. great effort. Congrats!

  • Sanjay Garg

    Excellent article, it helped a lot in day today problem of less output.

  • Sanjay Garg

    Excellent article, it helped a lot in day today problem of less output.

  • good

  • good

  • sweetha

    Very nice

  • sweetha

    Very nice

  • nareshkumar

    i need more details bout line@production managment..please guide me.will be thank for the existing details.

  • nareshkumar

    i need more details bout line@production managment..please guide me.will be thank for the existing details.

  • CHINNAPPA P K

    Very nice

  • CHINNAPPA P K

    Very nice

  • Hello Webmaster,

    I found your site very helpful and informative. I wanted to ask you if you accept guest blog posts. Let me know I would love to contribute a unique post.

    Thanks,

    Grant Smith

  • Hello Webmaster,

    I found your site very helpful and informative. I wanted to ask you if you accept guest blog posts. Let me know I would love to contribute a unique post.

    Thanks,

    Grant Smith

  • b.surendar

    nice article

  • b.surendar

    nice article

  • deepak

    vey nice its help me a lot……………

  • Sanjay Kumar

    very nice

  • saravanan

    Very good information.

  • tahir khan

    good thanks for this.

Similar articles:

The Four Phases of Conducting a Laboratory Investigation [Video]

The process which will be described here is based on the process discussed in the MHRA’s guidance on Out of Specifications Investigation.

When an out of specification, atypical or suspect result is obtained, it is particularly important that all solutions and reagents associated with the test are retained, as this will greatly assist the investigation.

The MHRA advocate laboratory investigations should proceed in four phases as follows:

Phase I(a)

Phase I (a) consists of a preliminary review, by the analyst, to determine whether there has been a clear and obvious error or event that caused the OOS, atypical or suspect result.

Phase I(b)

Phase I (b) occurs after phase 1(a) has failed to identify a clear and obvious cause. This is a more detailed investigation by the analyst and supervisor to identify a laboratory assignable cause.

Phase II

Phase II occurs after the phase I investigation has failed to identify a laboratory assignable cause for the OOS, atypical or suspect result and are driven by written and approved instructions in order to test particular hypothesis.

Phase III

In Phase III all the information obtained during Phases I and II of the laboratory investigation, and any manufacturing investigation, is reviewed and assessed, and a decision is made on the disposition of the batch

Learn More About Laboratory Investigations

If you would like to learn more about laboratory investigations click here for an overview of this course.

0
shares

Similar articles:

New Feature Release: LMS Fully Mobile Responsive

September has been a big month for releases at Learnaboutgmp, with our new fully responsive user interface coming officially out of beta.

If you are a premium member of our platform, you will see first-hand how intuitive and smooth the new UI feels.

Fully Mobile Responsive

We are now fully mobile responsive, giving you flexibility and ensuring you have a great experience on any device, at any time

Tablet

Mobile

A Beautiful New Interface

If you have signed up for our company license (5 or more users) then you can avail of the brand new styling options from the admin panel including:

  1. Customizable Portal Logo
  2. Header Color
  3. Background Color
  4. Link/Active Tab Color
  5. Course Thumbnail Image
  6. Course Info Snapshot

Easy, Consistent Navigation

The primary navigation menu, secondary navigation and page actions are presented consistently throughout the portal, making it easy to find what you need:

  1. Primary Navigation Menu
  2. Page Actions

New Smart Search

Powerful new search capabilities allow you to search for courses, users, and groups.
Smart search saves you time by providing a menu of actions for common Administrator tasks, making updates quick and easy.

Intuitive Settings Menu

The reorganized settings menu groups together related Administrator tasks, e.g. around portal set up and branding, courses, and users, allowing Administrators to easily click through the options and complete their updates.

Online Demo

If you would like to see what our new interface looks like please click the button below to sign up for an online demo today.

DEMO SIGNUP

9
shares

TOP

Similar articles: